D. seguine is the most popular Dieffenbachia species, a native of Brazil with clusters of large ovate leaves with green margins splotched with yellow or cream color. Only go up one or two sizes in pots, or the plant may have a difficult time becoming established in the new pot. The list under “Troubleshooting Common Dieffenbachia Problems” will give you more ideas and details about fixing common dieffenbachia plant care problems. Over-feeding with synthetic fertilizers is a very common problem with dieffenbachia plants, and can lead to brown leaf edges and tips, among other issues. Dumb canes can live for many years, and some varieties can grow to be several feet tall, creating a very large floor plants. Your email address will not be published. However, if several leaves are yellowing at the same time, or they aren’t the bottom leaves, then something may be wrong. Otherwise, check out my list of pet friendly houseplants instead. Though annoying, that’s the normal growth pattern of this type of plant. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. i water once a week at a bright south window, no fertilize. Brown tips and leaf edges could be caused by inconsistent watering, dry air, overuse of chemical fertilizer, or minerals in tap water. Some continue to grow in size without every opening. The leaves of Dumb Cane may turn brown around the edges as an indication that the plant is waterlogged. Never use chemical pesticides on indoor plant bugs because they can build up a resistance to chemicals, making problem even worse. Keep plants out of reach from children & animals. Brown leaf tips / Water forming on leaf tips Like Pothos, the Dumb Cane is a real crier. They require water when the top inch of potting soil is dry; water the plant to a depth of one inch. I also recommend waiting until early spring to repot it, but only if it really needs it. Here’s how to grow dieffenbachia. My favorite product to use is organic neem oil. Some dieffenbachia varieties have dark green leaves, many with white spotting. Read More... How do you manage to have your dumb canes so bushy. Primarily grown for foliage, dieffenbachia rarely flowers, but when it does, the bloom looks a bit like a peace lily. If you can’t give them enough natural light, you could always add a grow light. Plant the dumbcane in a well-draining soil and water lightly, keeping the soil consistently moist, but not soggy. What Causes A Dieffenbachia To Have Brown Spots On Leaves? Stop adding fertilizer to the plant for a while. Pruning is an important part of dieffenbachia care, it helps keep the plant tidy, grow bushier, and look healthier. If very little soil is left, or the roots are circling around the bottom of the container, then it’s time to repot it. Native to Mexico and the West Indies down to Argentina, dumb cane has become common, classic houseplant. If you can’t find the answer you’re looking for after reading through the post and these FAQs, then ask your question in the comments below, and I’ll answer it as soon as I can. Why Are The Stems and Roots Rotting On My Dieffenbachia? See the “Dieffenbachia Watering Instructions” section above for details about watering dumb canes. Brown leaf tips can be caused by a number of things. Brown or yellow leaves can be removed from the plant at any time, as can dead or faded flower. hopefully the post content what we write can make you understand.Happy reading. My green thumb comes from my parents, and I've been gardening most of my life. The two-spotted spider mite can infest the plants at any time of year. The most common causes of dumb cane drooping are over or under watering, exposure to hot or cold drafty air, houseplant bugs, or transplant shock. Plus, you can take the cutting and root it to make a new plant! The entire leaf can collapse when the spots enlarge enough to hit a vein. In this post, I’ll give you lots of information about the plant – including the name, different dieffenbachia types, toxicity, common problems, and FAQs. You can also prune brown leaf tips and edges as necessary, following the natural shape of the leaf. Thus one of the first answers on how to care for dieffenbachia is to provide the right soil in the very beginning of the process. I use a mixture of 1 tsp mild liquid soap per 1 liter of water. It’s a perennial plant and most cultivars have white speckles on the leaves, though not all cultivars have this feature. However, if you’re a person who tends to give your houseplants TOO much love in the form of water… then you’re better off using a fast draining soil mix for them. Dieffenbachia (Dumb Cane) leaves most commonly turn yellow due to overwatering, but other causes include lighting problems, temperature extremes, low humidity, pests or nutrient deficiency. Variegated dieffenbachia are even more stunning, and some have bright green or almost white leaves with dark edges. Instead, follow these detailed tips for how to care for a dieffenbachia plant…, Two different types of dumb cane houseplants. Dracaena’s are extremely sensitive to excess fluoride. See to the “Troubleshooting Common Dieffenbachia Problems” section above for more details. Yes, the dieffenbachia plant is poisonous. And never repot a sick or ailing plant to try to save it. A soapy water spray is also very good for controlling most types of bugs. Putting them next to a sunny window where they will get lots of natural light (but no direct sun) is the ideal location for them. If you want to try rooting your cuttings this way, make sure the stem is several inches long. You can’t just stick it in a dark corner, pour a glass of water in the pot once and a while, maybe toss in some fertilizer if you think of it, and then expect it to stay healthy for long. Gorgeous dieffenbachia indoor plant with bright green leaves. For example, if you’re growing dieffenbachia in a 4″ pot, then choose a 6″ pot. I live and garden in Minneapolis, MN (zone 4b). During winter months – DO NOT allow the soil to dry out completely and DO NOT fertilize! Just make sure you check the soil before watering by sticking your finger about an inch into the dirt. See “Are Dieffenbachia Plants Poisonous?” above for more information. Horticultural oil works great too. The edges of the leaves of a Dieffenbachia plant usually turn brown from too much plant food or too much salt, fluorine, or chlorine in your water. Just be sure that each stem has roots before potting them up, otherwise they may not survive on their own. Rinse the soil with distilled water to get rid of any unwanted chemicals and salts. There are a variety of cultivars available, most with variegated white and green, cream and green, or all-green leaves that can be speckled, splotched, or loosely striped. We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees through links to Amazon.com. The plant can die in a heavy infestation. – can exhibit dry brown spots during the winter caused by the soil staying too dry or too much fertilizer. Today’s post is all about dumb cane care. How to Care for Dying Indoor Parade Roses. Always, always use a container with holes in the bottom for drainage. Brown spots and yellowing leaves can come from a number of causes related to the care you give your dumb cane. Iâm a passionate gardener who loves growing everything from vegetables, herbs, and flowers to succulents, tropicals, and houseplants - you name, I've grown it! They are extremely tolerant of any indoor environment, and are super easy to grow houseplants (heck, they practically take care of themselves). How often should I water my dieffenbachia plant? Dumb cane is prone to several bacterial and fungal diseases resulting in brown spots and yellowing leaves. In certain municipalities, fluoride is added to drinking water and can make levels too high for Dracaena. Depending on the method they use, the tips of the leaves may take on a brown hue. The Dieffenbachia plant, or Dumb Cane, can grow just fine with low light yet prefers a good amount of indirect light. If you find bugs on your dieffenbachia, then start treating the plant right away using organic pest control methods. In order to bloom, dieffenbachia houseplants need a lot of bright, indirect light. Like many indoor houseplants (with the exception of most Calathea Varieties), the easiest way to water your Dieffenbachia, and keep it happy in the process, is the soak and leave method. The leaves will have black or dark tan spots in the center and dark, narrow margins. Beautiful large dieffenbachia floor plants. When dumb cane wilts and turns yellow from the bottom up, it needs to be watered more regularly. The new leaves never open or mature. According to the ASPCA website, dieffenbachia is toxic to cats and dogs. But don’t prune them during the winter, wait until early spring, otherwise it can trigger weak new growth. What’s With The Weird Dieffenbachia Common Name? Another, shorter name for a Dieffenbachia plant is Dieff, and its often used because its easier to spell. Just like any other living plant, dumb canes do require some care in order to grow their best. So keep that in mind as you troubleshoot your plants symptoms…. It’s s a natural insecticide that is very effective at controlling houseplant bugs. If you see this happening, refer to the troubleshooting tips below. She has a Bachelor of Arts in journalism from Michigan State University, is an avid gardener and volunteers at her local botanical garden. deserves a role in a mystery novel. Dieffenbachia care may seem a bit overwhelming at first. 40+ Dieffenbachia Leaves Turning Yellow And Brown Background - Hello friend Dieffenbachia Flower, In the article that you read this time with the title 40+ Dieffenbachia Leaves Turning Yellow And Brown Background, we have prepared this article well for you to read and take information in it. It will allow you monitor the moisture level, and help ensure you’re watering your plant at the right time. Rooting dieffenbachia cuttings can be a bit tricky. Just put it in a spray bottle and mist the leaves of the plant – they will love the added humidity too! Just be sure to keep them out of the window so they don’t accidentally get too much sun. Never use water that has passed through a water softener; it is too salty. Problems with dieffenbachia plant can be easily overcome in most situations. This plant can grow quite large in the right setting (6 to 10 feet tall in its native Brazil, for example), but offers smaller sizes, too. They thrive in bright filtered light in spring, summer and fall and bright light in winter. Why are the leaves on my dieffenbachia turning yellow? If you tend to overwater plants, make sure you grow your dumb cane in a pot that has drainage holes, and never allow it to soak in water. Check the soil to make sure it is dry an inch down before watering the dieffenbachia plant. See my “Dieffenbachia Pruning Tips” above to learn how to cut back a dieffenbachia. Patricia Hamilton Reed has written professionally since 1987. They need the perfect growing conditions in order to flower, and it can be difficult to get it just right in the average home. It’s rare for a healthy dumb cane houseplant to have problems with bugs, but sometimes insect pests like spider mites, thrips or mealybugs can attack the plant. Overfertilization usually happens in the winter, When there’s less water to drain it away from the soil. Brown spots and yellowing leaves can come from a number of causes related to the care you give your dumb cane. If it no longer feels damp, then it’s time to water. Reply:do what just me says and dont do it again natural is pure learn to take care of what you have. Simply cut them back all the way down to the main stem. Common dieffenbachia plant types or names you may come across are seguine, compacta, maculata, golden sunset, camilla (aka camille), amoena plant. So if you choose to grow this plant, then be sure to keep it out of reach of children and pets. It will show you how to keep your indoor plants alive and thriving all year long! Xanthomonas leaf spot is a bacterial disease that causes dark brown spots surrounded by yellow halos. The number one cause of dieffenbachia houseplant death is overwatering!! With proper light, water and nutrients, the dumb cane quickly grows 3 to 6 feet tall. In fact, repotting a plant just for the sake of aesthetics, or simply because you feel it should be part of your regular dieffenbachia care routine are the wrong reasons. Dumb canes like to be pot-bound, so don’t repot it unless it’s necessary. You can even keep the top and root the stem to grow yourself a new plant (learn how to propagate dieffenbachia in the section below). Dieffenbachia ‘Camille’ (Camilla) has near-white leaves with dark green edges. Here’s a great list of some of the most common dumb cane varieties. Reply:Usually happens if the air is too dry...and give them plenty of water, but it only takes one dry day to wither the points on these plants. The dumb cane got the name because there is a chemical in the sap that can cause temporary loss of speech if any part of the plant is chewed or eaten. Dumb cane plants also really like humidity, but they will adapt to growing without it. Is that ok for a dormant so called plant? Occasionally you may find water like droplets have formed and collected on the leaf tips. Here are my tips for how to prune dieffenbachia…. Dumb canes can be propagated by either rooting stem cuttings or by division. Simply cut them back all the way down to the main stem. A thirsty plant's leaves will crinkle and become dry, eventually falling off, while an overwatered plants leaves will slake off and leave behind a slimy residue on the stalk. Dumb Cane Care: Caring for Dieffenbachia. Dieffenbachia’s lower leaves may droop and turn yellow as part of the normal growth pattern. You can also give your plant a foliar spray using compost tea. They will adapt to growing in a low light area, but they won’t grow as vigorously. Dumb Cane (Dieffenbachia) care is easy when you know exactly what to do. Troubleshooting Common Dieffenbachia Problems. Overwatering is a common problem with many houseplants and the dieffenbachia houseplant is no exception. Or if it’s in a 10″ pot, put it into a 12″ or 14″ pot. Aside from good light, your dumb cane needs to be placed where the temperature is 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit in an area free from drafts. And now that you know how to take care of dieffenbachia, you’ll be able to grow these gorgeous houseplants for years to come! Dumb cane (Dieffenbachia spp.) Allow the soil to dry out a bit between watering, but never let it get completely bone dry. Then allow the excess to drain from the pot before putting it back on the plant tray. But you could try putting a plastic bag over the cutting to help give it enough humidity (just never allow the bag to touch the leaves). Avoiding overhead watering to keep foliage dry, which helps prevent this problem. Well, there’s a reason for that funny name! Dumb cane are perfect low light houseplants because they actually don’t like it when they get too much light, especially direct sunlight. Many new gardeners ask “why is my dieffenbachia leaves turning yellow”. Brown leaves. It’s very common for dumb canes to get tall and leggy with age, this is their normal growth habit. Share your dieffenbachia care tips in the comments section below. Both! My brand new bookÂ Vertical Vegetables is now available for purchase!! If you notice webbing on the leaves or leaf joints, those are spider mites. (or should I say “either”?) So, if you really want to see if you can get your dumb cane to bloom, then be sure to feed it. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. Also, if there are more roots than soil in the container, or you find that you have to water it constantly to keep it from drooping. Yes, and you should make it part of your normal dieffenbachia care routine. Planted outdoors, dumb cane grows well in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10b through 11. New leaves will grow just below the place you made the cut. Proper watering is a crucial part of dieffenbachia care, and consistent overwatering will definitely kill your plant. On the other hand, if the room is too dark, they’ll quickly grow tall and leggy. If your dumb cane has grown tall and leggy, you can top the plant, or cut it back anywhere on the stem. DIEFFENBACHIA PLANT CARE BASICS. So, if you have pets or small children around, then it’s best to treat dumb cane as you would any of your other poisonous houseplants, and keep it out of reach. Though they originate from the tropics, they make excellent houseplants because they can easily adapt to growing indoors. Dust can clog up the pores of the leaves and make it difficult for the leaves to function. plants should be pruned when they have shed enough of the leaves to expose the stems When plants experience a sudden chill and too much humidity a fungal disease known as anthracnose can develop. I've received hundreds of pictures and questions through my "help @ houseplantjournal.com" email. The disease is promoted by over-fertilization. Dieffenbachia is toxic if ingested. Download your copy today! Never allow your plant to sit in water. Refer to the troubleshooting list above to help you figure it out. Dieffenbachia (Dieffenbachia spp.) The stem will grow new leaves right below the cut. However, if yours constantly has brown leaves, tips, or edges, then try running a humidifier nearby to see if that fixes the problem. Dieffenbachia (aka Dumb Cane) is a very common tropical indoor plant that is prized for it’s beautiful foliage and easy care requirements. When this happens, simply remove the drooping leaves by pinching or cutting them off. Keep in mind that ingesting it can cause a temporary inability to speak. You only need to worry when you experience excess yellowing or drooping of the upper leaves. Dieffenbachia prefers diffused sunlight or partial shade, but will tolerate full shade, which is why it is well-suited as a houseplant. Since they are very common indoor plants, you should be able to find dieffenbachia plants for sale at your local garden center any time of the year. 2. There are many types of dumb canes, and variegation of leaves and plant size depends on the cultivar you’re growing. Common Dieffenbachia Diseases. Other organic fertilizers that I like using are this houseplant fertilizer or a general purpose plant food. Pruning out new top growth like this will encourage your plant to grow bushier, and stay more compact. Of course, you can find dieffenbachia for sale online any time during the year. It’s no mystery why dumb cane plants are one of the most common houseplants you see for sale at garden centers and big box stores. They go into a dormant state during winter, so it’s best to let them rest. PRO TIP: The leaves of the Dieffenbachia are expressive and will often let you know the state that the plant is in. The plants can tolerate the low light, but grow slowly. So, once the soil no longer feels damp, then it’s time to water. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. is a houseplant named for the toxic sap its canelike stems exude when cut or broken. I like using compost fertilizer, which you can get in liquid form or buy compost tea bags and brew your own. I love being surrounded by plants all year round, and that’s one reason why I have a large collection of houseplants. Rather than watering your plant on a set schedule, you should always check the soil to figure out when it needs water. The plant is favored for its ability to grow in a range of light conditions and its large, attractive leaves that may be deep green, variegated white, cream or gold with blotches, stripes or spots. Direct sun will cause their leaves to fade or burn. If you want to learn how to root a dieffenbachia plant, see the details in the section called “Dieffenbachia Propagation Methods”. To keep dieffenbachia from growing leggy, pinch or prune out the new growth at the top regularly. Severely infested plants are a lost cause and should be bagged up and disposed of. They could even be grown in your shade garden if you live in a warm climate. Why Are Your Dieffenbachia Leaves Turning Yellow? Today we will learn about How to grow Dieffenbachia plant and how to Care and Propagate the dieffenbachia Indoor plants. There are lots of different species and cultivars out there these days, and they are all gorgeous! Excess plant food causes brown leaf … Trim off any brown or dead foliage in winter. These are tiny insects that suck sap from the leaves. This will allow heavy toxins such as chlorine to evaporate while preventing root shock in younger plants. To keep dieffenbachia from growing leggy, pinch or prune out the new growth at the top regularly. Another great thing about easy-to-grow indoor plants like dumb cane is that they can grow just fine without fertilizer. Also called the dumbcane plant, the dieffenbachia is a houseplant that grows up to 6 feet tall and 3 feet wide. Aging. Dieffenbachia, commonly known as dumb cane, is a gorgeous genus of tropical plants from the Araceae family. Can be grown easily from cuttings. Is the dieffenbachia dumb cane plant poisonous? The most common problem with growing dumbcane dieffenbachia is too much moisture. Reed was editor of the "Grand Ledge Independent" weekly newspaper and a Capitol Hill reporter for the national newsletter "Corporate & Foundation Grants Alert." All kidding aside, overwatering really is the main thing you need to worry about when growing this plant. The good news is that, no matter which type you have, dieffenbachia care is the same for all! Simply add some perlite, pumice, or coarse sand to the potting soil to help with drainage. Dieffenbachia is the scientific name for the plant, and Dumb Cane is the common name. If your dieffenbachia is experiencing brown leaves, it means you are using too much fertilizer or plant food in its potting soil or in the ground. One good indication that it’s time for repotting your dumb cane is if there are roots coming out of the bottom holes. The Dieffenbachia does like humidity and does not like cool temperatures. This plant is also known as dumb cane on the market. Too much plant food: Fertilize only when the plant is actively producing new leaves. A general houseplant fertilizer from spring through early fall keeps the plant growing well. Dieffenbachia ‘Seguine’ Dieffenbachia ‘seguine’ is an ornamental houseplant that has a cane-like … Oct 20, 2017 - Growing Dieffenbachia (Dumb Cane) is easy when you know how. They appear as small flecks and are often not noticeable until leaves yellow and are heavily speckled with the mites. Plants should be watered until water comes from the bottom of the pot to leach excess fertilizer from the potting mix. Only feed your plant in the spring or summer (during their active growing season). Dieffenbachia Pests and Diseases. ), they’re small and insignificant, so it’s not a huge asset to the plant. In this section, I’ll answer the most frequently asked questions I get about proper dieffenbachia care. Clemson University Extension: Dieffenbachia, University of Florida Mid-Florida Research and Education Center: Dieffenbachia Production Guide, Penn State Extension: Dieffenbachia Diseases, University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service: Diffenbachia Maculata 'Rudolf Roehrs', Causes of Crisping Leaves in Rex Begonias. Dieffenbachia's preference for relatively high humidity makes it a great option for Florida. Personally, I’ve had the best success using my propagation box for rooting dumb cane cuttings. Brown spots or patches at the margins of the leaves can be caused by over-fertilization -- the leaves can be burned by the soluble salts in the product.