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abbots of cîteaux

Abbess Rule of … Today the abbot is elected by the general chapter, the religious of Cîteaux not participating. Alberic was a hermit in the forest of Collan in France who, along with five other hermits, invited Abbot Robert of Molesme to begin a new monastery with them that would operate under the Rule of St. Benedict. Saint Bernard would also be influential in the subsequent rapid growth of the Cistercian order. The Decree of Pope Callistus 111 31. Transcription. Cîteaux Abbey was founded on Saint Benedict's Day, 21 March 1098,[2] by a group of monks from Molesme Abbey seeking to follow more closely the Rule of St. Benedict. This is my homily from January 27, the feast of the Abbots of Citeaux. Cîteaux Abbey (French: Abbaye de Cîteaux [abe.i də sito]) is a Catholic abbey located in Saint-Nicolas-lès-Cîteaux, south of Dijon, France. It took almost four years before Vaussin received confirmation from the Holy See and the King of France, finally allowing him to take office in … 1993: The abbot general will act in everything as father immediate to the community of Citeaux. The Abbatial Election at Citeaux in 1625 - Volume 39 Issue 1 - Louis J. Lekai Claude Vaussin's election was rejected by the Reform movement; yet after his election had been investigated and repeated, Vaussin emerged on 10 May 1645 once again as the Abbot of Cîteaux and therefore Abbot General. Maredwt: occurs as abbot in July 1278 and September 1281. Gildas, Marie. Many abbots did not accept his election. Juridical recourse for the community of Citeaux is constituted by the abbots of the four most senior houses of the Order … New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908. During the Hundred Years' War, the monastery was pillaged in 1360 (when the monks sought refuge in Dijon), 1365, 1434 and 1438. Cîteaux Abbey (French: Abbaye de Cîteaux [abe.i də sito]) is a Catholic abbey located in Saint-Nicolas-lès-Cîteaux, south of Dijon, France. Advanced embedding details, examples, and help! As head and superior general, he had the right, as he has today, to visit, either in person or by his delegate, all the monasteries of the order, and during the visit to exercise all jurisdictional powers. The abbey has about 35 members. St Robert was elected Abbot of Cîteaux, but, recalled to Molesme a year afterwards, he was succeeded by St. Alberic, who gave the monks the white habit and placed the monastery immediately under the protection of the Holy See. Login with Gmail. Schooled in their principles and observances, may we, too, strive to show that same faith and live in our lives. Abbots from across the Order met annually at Cîteaux for General Chapter meetings to discuss important matters, introduce new rules and regulations, and handle disciplinary issues. Cistercian Abbots: Buckfast still followed the Rule of St. Benedict, as the Cistercians also live by that Rule. 1993: The abbot general will act in everything as father immediate to the community of Citeaux. Stephen Harding served Cîteaux Abbey as abbot for twenty-five years. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York. the abbots of citeaux: lovers of the swamp . They are also known as Bernardines, after the highly influential Bernard of Clairvaux (though that term is also used of one of the Franciscan Orders in Poland and Lithuania); or as White Monks, in reference to the colour of the "cuculla" or white choir robe worn by the Cistercians over … In company with the abbots of Cîteaux and Clairvaux, and many other French prelates, he sailed from Nice to Genoa in 1241, and was thence carried by a Genoese fleet to attend the council which the pope proposed to hold at Rome. No_Favorite. Abbots of Conwy . As C. H. Lawrence puts it, folks were “seeking an outlet in new forms of religious organization. Guy d'Autun (1460-62), Hymbert Martin de Losne (1462-76), Jean IV de Cirey (1476-1501) were the courageous defenders of the order against the practice of Commendam . Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor. Cîteaux has been a nursery of saints and illustrious personages. The abbots of these houses were called the first four Fathers of the order, and the “Charter of Charity”, work of St. Stephen, conferred upon them the right of visiting the Abbey of Cîteaux. In 1698, the abbey only had 72 professed monks. Benedictine Abbots: Alwin (Aelwinus) first mentioned as having attended Shire-mote in Exeter in about 1040. Saints Robert, Alberic and Stephen, the holy abbots of Citeaux. 29 St. Gildas the Wise, Abbot - Optional Memorial †1916 Fr Maurice Wagner †1948 Fr Eugene Spiess. This being the mother-abbey of the Cistercian Order, the abbot was recognized as head and superior general of the whole order. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. The office was elective, the … 30 St. Mutien-Marie Wiaux, Religious - Optional Memorial †1863 Cand Charles Kinslaw … 1990: Until the next general chapter, the abbot general, after having consulted the brothers of Citeaux, would designate three abbots from outside the filiation to act together as juridical recourse. Abbots who lived near Cîteaux … Life of St. Stephen Harding: Abbot of Citeaux and Founder of the Cistercian Order Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. Popes and kings bestowed many honours and privileges upon Cîteaux. Six abbots of Cîteaux were honoured with the Roman purple. The domain in which Cîteaux was situated belonged to Raynald, Viscount of Beaune, who, with his wife Hodierna, gave it voluntarily to God and the Virgin Mary. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Anian: occurs as abbot in June 1258. Popes and kings bestowed many honours and privileges upon Cîteaux. In the councils he sat immediately after the bishops and had the same honours and prerogatives. The Cistercians officially the Order of Cistercians (Latin: (Sacer) Ordo Cisterciensis, abbreviated as OCist or SOCist), are a Catholic religious order of monks and nuns that branched off from the Benedictines and follow the Rule of Saint Benedict. Ieuan … As you can see, I’ve really been on a roll with this fortress vs. ecosystem image, but this goes right along with the homily for Scholastica. La Ferté (Fermitas), in the Diocese of Châlons (today of Autun), Pontigny (Pontiniacum) in the Diocese of Auxerre, Clairvaux (Claravallis), in the Diocese of Langres (today of Troyes), and Morimond (Morimundus), in the same Diocese of Langres, were the first four daughters of Cîteaux, which, in their turn, gave birth to many monasteries. Henri (1304-16) and Jean IV de Martigny (1405-28) were illustrious for their knowledge in the ecumenical councils. In 1898, the remains of the abbey were bought back and repopulated by Trappists. Abbey of Cîteaux. The abbey then slowly declined for the next century. As one of the richer abbeys, it … EMBED (for wordpress.com hosted blogs and archive.org item tags) Want more? A small stream of water which overflowed its banks formed there a marsh covered with rushes and coarse grass called in the language of the country cistels, whence the name Cistell or Cîteaux (Latin Cistercium). The Duke of Burgundy, Eudes I, touched by the holy life of the monks of Cîteaux, encouraged the work and took upon himself the obligation of defraying all the expenses. These definitors, numbering about 25, were the Abbot of Cîteaux and the first 4 Fathers: the abbots of La Ferté, Pontigny, Clairvaux and Morimont, plus 4 definitors elected in each line of filiation. In 1791, the abbey, which possessed 9800 acres of land, was sold for 862,000 pounds, and this money was used in turn for various purposes. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03792a.htm. Knit together in the unity of the Holy Spirit, the blessed … But its past glory and the regularity which still existed at the end of the eighteenth century could not save Cîteaux. In many cases they had exercised it in other ways, for example delegating their authority to a group of "definitors" to solve problems that the Chapter did not … APA citation. [year needed] The monks produce a cheese branded under the abbey's name, … [3] They were led by Saint Robert of Molesme,[4] who became the first abbot. Evidence showing that the chapter house was the usual location for Cistercian abbatial burials until the mid-13th century is outlined and … About 1125, Saint Stephen established the nuns' monastery of "Tart", as Cîteaux's own daughter-house, entrusted to the pastoral care of the abbot of this monastery. The site was wooded and swampy, in a sparsely populated area. Media in category "Abbots of Cîteaux" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. Having lost all hope of saving his monastery, he begged Pius VI, 25 July, 1790, to transfer his powers to Dom Robert Schlecht, Abbot of Salmansweiler, a precaution which left life and hope to the other provinces. Close to the Château of Clos de Vougeot, the Château de Gilly, an old residence of the abbots of Cîteaux, has never lost its authenticity with its buildings from the 14th and 17th c. and French gardens. Gildas, M. (1908). EMBED. By Paul Zalonski on January 21, 2009 11:00 AM | Permalink | Comments (0) God of power and might, you have given us in your saints a living witness to religious perfection. The great church of Cîteaux Abbey, begun in around 1140, was completed in 1193. The abbots of these houses were called the first four Fathers of the order, and the "Charter of Charity", work of St. Stephen, conferred upon them the right of visiting the Abbey of Cîteaux. Exordia Sacri Ordinis Cisterciensis (Fr. Others signalized themselves by their zeal for the restoration of discipline and by their reformatory tendencies: Edme I de la Croix (1585-1604), Nicholas II Boucherat (1604-25), Claude Vaussin (1643-70), John XII Petit (1670-92), Nicholas Larcher (1692-1712). Third Sunday of Advent. To the abbots of Citeaux, Morimond, and La Crête, that they should examine those suspected of heresy, along with the bishop of Metz. … Alberic was a hermit in the forest of Collan in France who, along with five other hermits, invited Abbot Robert of Molesme to begin a new monastery with them that would operate under the Rule of St. Benedict. The abbey has about 35 members. In 1380, the Earl of Buckingham stayed at L'Aumône Abbey, a daughter house of Cîteaux located in the forest of Marchenoir whilst his army was quartered in the surrounding Forest.[8]. On the Life and Excellent Conduct of the Most Reverend Fastrad, Abbot of Cîteaux 114 33. Guy d'Autun (1460-62), Hymbert Martin de Losne (1462-76), Jean IV de Cirey (1476-1501) were the courageous defenders of the order against the practice of Commendam. The abbots of these houses were called the first four Fathers of the order, and the “Charter of Charity”, work of St. Stephen, conferred upon them the right of visiting the Abbey of Citeaux. . The Abbey was supported by Renaud, Vicomte de Beaune, and Odo I, Duke of Burgundy. Nihil Obstat. (eds. Return to "Ten saints every worrier should know" Holy_Abbots_of_Citeaux. Quiet Moment. ), 1998: This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 03:13. Founded in 1098 by St. Robert, Abbot of Molesme, in a deserted and uninhabited part of the Diocese of Châlons-sur Saône, today the Diocese of Dijon (Côte-d'Or, France), from which city it is four leagues distant. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. Robert, Alberic and Stephen, Abbots of Citeaux - Optional Memorial. This being the mother-abbey of the Cistercian Order, the abbot was recognized as head and superior general of the whole order. He was succeeded (Oct., 1904) by Dom Augustin Marre, Abbot Igny, titular Bishop of Constance, and General of the Order of Reformed Cistercians, who, having his residence at Rome, appointed for the government of Cîteaux an auxiliary, Dom Robert Lescand, titular Abbot of Saint-Aubin and Prior of the house of Cîteaux. The abbot of Cîteaux was also ipso facto prime counsellor (primus consiliarius natus) in the Parliament of Burgundy. A list of the known abbots of Conwy (Aberconwy and Maenan) Unnamed abbot: in 1216 an unnamed abbot of Aberconwy was excused from attending the annual General Chapter at Cîteaux given his infirmity. He was Abbot when Buckfast was affiliated to the Abbey of Citeaux (Cistercian). Lambert (1155-61), Gilbert (1163-67), Alexander (1168-75), and Arnaud I (1201-12) are recognized for the eminent services rendered to the popes and to the kings. Popes and kings bestowed many honours and privileges upon Cîteaux. 1990: Until the next general chapter, the abbot general, after having consulted the brothers of Citeaux, would designate three abbots from outside the filiation to act together as juridical recourse. The abbots of these houses were called the first four Fathers of the order, and the "Charter of Charity", work of St. Stephen, conferred upon them the right of visiting the Abbey of Cîteaux. Alberic of Cîteaux (died 26 January 1109), sometimes known as Aubrey of Cîteaux, was a French monk and abbot, one of the founders of the Cistercian Order. Tudor: occurs as abbot in 1303. Here, in a place unknown to men and hitherto inhabited only by wild beasts, St. Robert and his companions, to the number of twenty-one, placed the foundations of the Order of Cîteaux, and commenced the literal observance of the Rule of St. Benedict. Previous. 1993: The abbot general will act in everything as father immediate to the community of Citeaux. Discretion should be preserved, and careful consideration should be employed, by the prelates of the Church in fostering virtues and rooting out vices, so that they are neither harmed either by a thicket of thorns growing … Initially, these meetings included only the abbots of Cîteaux, La Ferté, Pontigny, Morimund, and Clairvaux, but as the Cistercian Order expanded, so did General Chapter attendance. tr., Paris, 1884); Le Nain, Essai de l'histoire de Cîteaux (Paris, 1696-97); Paris, Nomasticon Cisterciense (Paris, 1669); Janauschek, Originum Cisterciensium (Vienna, 1897), I; L'Union Cistercienne (Hautecombe, 1892--); Menologe Cistercien, par un moine de Thymadeuc (Saint-Brieuc, 1898); Histoire abregee de l'Ordre de Cîteaux, par un moine de Thymadeuc (Saint-Brieuc, 1898). Known from the Doomsday Book to have been Abbot in 1066. Vol. … The Exordium … He caused afterwards a collection of sacred ceremonies and … This being the mother-abbey of the Cistercian Order, the abbot was recognized as head and superior general of the whole order. QUIET MOMENT. The Dukes of Burgundy subsequently used it as their dynastic place of burial. Today, it belongs to the Trappists (also called the Cistercians of the Strict Observance). Life. The name of Cîteaux, which this place formerly bore, soon supplanted that of Novum Monasterium, by which it is called in the "Exordium Cisterciensis Ordinis". Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, who would later be proclaimed Doctor of the Church, was a monk of Cîteaux Abbey and left it in 1115 to found Clairvaux Abbey, of which he was the first abbot. The second abbot was Saint Alberic, and the third abbot Saint Stephen Harding, who wrote the Carta Caritatis that described the organisation of the order. (Lateran, fifth day before the Ides of December.) Although it never achieved the size and standing of Rievaulx or Fountains, it was one of the larger Cistercian abbeys, even though it was near strong Benedictine abbeys at Worcester, Malvern, Evesham and Pershore. 86 Following the precedent of Cîteaux and Clairvaux, the chapter house was the normal location for the burial of Cistercian abbots, a location specified by a decree of the General Chapter in 1180; see Gajewski, ‘Burial, Cult and Construction’ (as n. 22), 72–73. and appoints the four first abbots of the Order, viz. MLA citation. From St. Robert to Blessed Guy III, twenty-three abbots are venerated in the order as saints and blessed. Today, it belongs to the Trappists (also called the Cistercians of the Strict Observance). http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03792a.htm. Enjoy the outdoor swimming pool (open in summer), massage rooms or cycle the lanes … Abbots from the Apostolic See 109 30. November 1, 1908. The office was … The office … The fleet of King Enzio attacked the Genoese ships on 3 May, and Stephen would have fallen into the hands of the enemy had he not been saved by the valour of his brother, John … Cîteaux was then an important center of Christianity. The abbots of these houses were called the first four Fathers of the order, and the "Charter of Charity", work of St. Stephen, conferred upon them the right of visiting the Abbey of Cîteaux. . The chateau, member of the chain Grandes Etapes Françaises (Great French Stopovers), offers you various activities. Abbots from across the Order met annually at Cîteaux for General Chapter meetings to discuss important matters, introduce new rules and regulations, and handle disciplinary issues. Abbots who lived near Cîteaux … François Trouvé, abbé de Cîteaux (1748-).jpg 1,963 × 2,615; 1.75 MB Today this confirmation is required before the abbot general can exercise his powers. Theories include a derivation from cis tertium [lapidem miliarium], "this side of the third [milestone]" of the Roman road connecting Langres and Chalons sur Saône,[5] or alternatively from cisternae "cisterns", which in Middle Latin could refer to stagnant pools of a swamp. St. Angela Merici, Virgin - Optional Memorial †2012 Fr Donald Walople. This being the mother-abbey of the Cistercian Order, the abbot was recognized as head and superior general of the whole order. My email address is webmaster at newadvent.org. Popes and kings bestowed many honors and privileges upon Citeaux. Plouvier, M. and Saint-Denis, A. He had the right to be called to the assembly of States General of the kingdom and to that of the states of the Province of Burgundy. The abbots had seen in the Charter of Charity that as soon as Citeaux had made a few foundations, the abbots of the various monasteries had assumed a collective responsibility for the whole Order and had exercised it every year at the General Chapter. Popes and kings bestowed many honours and privileges upon Cîteaux. The monks of Cîteaux created the vineyards of Clos-Vougeot and Romanée, the most celebrated of Burgundy. In the beginning of the 16th century, the abbey was a strong community of about 200 members. Henri (1304-16) and Jean IV de Martigny (1405-28) were illustrious for their knowledge in the ecumenical councils. … The abbots of these houses were called the first four Fathers of the order, and the "Charter of Charity", work of St. Stephen, conferred upon them the right of visiting the Abbey of Cîteaux. On 4 May, 1791, the abbey was sold for the first time as national property. The new monastery was inaugurated on the feast of St. Benedict, 21 March, 1098. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}47°07′41″N 5°05′36″E / 47.12806°N 5.09333°E / 47.12806; 5.09333, 10.1093/gao/9781884446054.001.0001/oao-9781884446054-e-7000017866#oao-9781884446054-e-7000017866, "Violence and Daily Life: Reading, Art, and Polemics in the Cîteaux Moralia in Job", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cîteaux_Abbey&oldid=996525282, Religious buildings and structures completed in 1193, Christian monasteries established in the 11th century, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles to be expanded from September 2009, Featured articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Building and structure articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Articles needing the year an event occurred from November 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Jacques III Theuley de Pontailler-sur-Saône. In 1791, during the French Revolution, the abbey was seized and sold by the government. Juridical recourse for the community of Citeaux is constituted by the abbots of the four most senior houses of the Order … 1990: Until the next general chapter, the abbot general, after having consulted the brothers of Citeaux, would designate three abbots from outside the filiation to act together as juridical recourse. These prepared the questions for the General Chapter, marked out the boundaries of the issues, defined issues, and proposed solutions for them. They did not live permanently at Cîteaux. In the late 11 th century a restless spirit was sweeping Europe. [year needed] The monks produce a cheese branded under the abbey's name, as well as caramels and honey-based candies. Under St. Alberic's successor, St. Stephen Harding, the number of subjects was increased by the arrival of St. Bernard and his thirty companions, all young noblemen of Burgundy, and the order commenced to send out colonies. 28 St. Thomas Aquinas, Priest and Doctor - Memorial †1941 Obl Matthew Brewer. Dom Trouvé died 27 April, 1797. Cîteaux Abbey was founded in 1098 by a group of monks from Molesme Abbey, seeking to follow more closely the Rule of St. Benedict, under the leadership of Saint Robert of Molesme, who became the first abbot, Saint Alberic, the second abbot, and Saint Stephen Harding the third abbot, who wrote the Carta Caritatis, that described the organisation of the order.

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